Sociologists have compiled a portrait of supporters and opponents of the military operation. Russians who support it dominate all but the least wealthy groups. More often, young people and Russians with minimal income oppose it
Women support the special military operation in Ukraine less often than men, among its supporters there are most law enforcement officers and civil servants, and among opponents— workers of science, culture, mass media and advertising. This follows from a study by the sociological company Russian Field, which is at the disposal of RBC.
At the beginning of the month (May 2-5), the sixth survey of the company on the support of the special operation was held, the survey was conducted using a telephone survey. The last survey involved 1609 respondents from all regions of Russia. Russian Field— a research group that specializes in conducting socio-political research on the territory of Russia. The project team consists of sociologists, political scientists and journalists who have been conducting research for more than five years.
The authors of the study classified the opponents of the operation as people who answered that they would cancel it if they could, among the supporters of— those who answered this question in the negative.
55% of respondents said they would not cancel the special operation, 29% were in favor of its cancellation. The military operation is supported by 59% of men and 52% of women. 25% and 32%, respectively, spoke out against it (the remaining percentages are accounted for by respondents who refused to answer or found it difficult to answer).
The majority of Russians in all age groups over 30 spoke out against the cancellation of the operation, only among people from 18 to 29 years of those who support the operation, less than half— 42%. With age, the number of its supporters is growing, it follows from the survey.
Russians supporting the special operation prevail in all groups except the least well off. In them, more than a third of the respondents spoke out against the military operation (we are talking about people who said that they did not have enough money even for food, and about those who only have money for food and clothing). With the growth of income, the number of supporters of the operation is growing.
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Among those who support the special operation, most of all are law enforcement officers (80%), pensioners (63%), civil servants (62%), housing and communal services workers (54%). Most scientists (85%) are against the military operation, more than half of the advertising and media employees (54%), 40% of cultural workers, about the same number of students and the unemployed.
Among Russians who have been abroad, the share of opponents special operations are higher than those who have never traveled (34 vs. 25%).
The majority of respondents who support the military operation learn about the situation in Ukraine from TV news (66%), more than half read the materials in Yandex/Google (56%), half (50%) learn the news from word of mouth. Opponents of the special operation, as a rule, read online media (47%), view VK groups (48%), Telegram channels (38%) and watch news on YouTube (42%).
Supporters of the special operation, as a rule, they are not afraid for their savings (71%) or do not have them (54%), while opponents, on the contrary, tend to worry about their money (47%).
According to 79% of those who support the operation, it is going well for the Russian troops, most of its opponents do not agree with them— 72%. The vast majority of supporters of the operation are in favor of its continuation— 84%, and most of her opponents would like to move on to peace negotiations— 63%.
Among those satisfied with the situation in Russia, 12% are opponents of the operation and 73% of its supporters (the remaining 15% of the survey participants could not answer). On the contrary, 34% of supporters of the special operation and 51% of those who are against it are dissatisfied with the state of affairs in the country, the rest of the respondents (15%) did not answer the question.
Most Russians who support the special operation think that the US, NATO, the European Union and/or Ukraine are responsible for worsening relations between Russia and the West. On the contrary, respondents who want to cancel the operation are sure that Russia is to blame for the aggravation of relations (93%). The situation is the same with responsibility for sanctions against Russia: the majority of supporters of the special operation blame the West (USA, NATO, EU) and/or Ukraine (72%) for sanctions. Opponents usually blame Russia for them (60%).
Most of those who support the military operation believe that it will strengthen Russia's position in the world (71%), while the majority of those who do not support it are sure that this is not will happen (65%).
Three-quarters of the supporters of the operation (77%) would like to restore the borders of the USSR, more than half of its opponents do not support this idea (66%).
Those who have friends/relatives in Ukraine, as a rule, are more likely to oppose the special operation, but in general the difference is small (65% versus 60%).
In early May, VCIOM presented a study according to which more than half of Russians believe Russia's special operation in Ukraine rather rallied Russian society (61%), while every fifth (20%) adheres to the opposite position. Also, the majority of respondents said that Russia should live by its own rules, not looking back at the countries of the West (89%).
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